Islamic Republic of Iran

Capital: Tehran


Iran is the 56th largest export economy in the world and the 65th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2014, Iran exported $51B and imported $53.8B, resulting in a negative trade balance of $2.78B. In 2014 the GDP of Iran was $425B and its GDP per capita was $17.3k.

Population: 75.1 million (UN, 2010)

Area: 1.65 million sq km (636,313 sq miles)

Major language: Persian

Major religion: Islam

Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 74 years (women) (UN)

Monetary unit: 10 Iranian rials = 1 toman

Main exports: Petroleum, carpets, agricultural products

GNI per capita: US $4,530 (World Bank, 2009)

Internet domain: .ir

International dialling code: +98

Top exports

Crude Petroleum ($37.2B), Ethylene Polymers($2.7B), Iron Ore ($1.58B)

, Acyclic Alcohols ($1.23B) and Other Nuts($921M),

Top imports

Wheat ($2B), Rice ($1.31B), Corn($1.19B), Soybean Meal ($1.08B) and Light Fixtures ($1.07B).

Trade Balance

As of 2014 Iran had a negative trade balance of $2.78B in net imports. As compared to their trade balance in 1995 when they had a positive trade balance of $4.98B in net exports.


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